32 - ARRANHA GATO
Mimosa setosa Benth. (Leguminosae)
32- Arranha-gato - Mimosa setosa Benth. (Leguminosae)
Shrubs up to 3 m, upright, heavily branched. Branches with strong spines, and covered with long, stiff hair. Among the knots there are also acúleos, but of broad base. Leaves composed of up to 40 leaflets from 3 to 10 × 1 to 2 mm, oblong, with or without hair on both sides. Inflorescence up to 1.2 cm, globose, formed in the axilla of the leaves or commonly grouped, in pink color. Pod-like fruit, 2 to 9 × 0.8 to 1 cm, oblong, brown, covered with stiff hairs, which remain on the plant for long periods and give it its characteristic appearance.
Distribution: From Ceará, Goiás, Mato Grosso to Paraná, generally associated with anthropized environments.
Situation in São Paulo: It reaches considerable dimensions. Found in some fragments of cerrado. Sometimes it behaves like an invasive plant.
How to plant: The best method is through seeds; they are born very easily and develop very quickly. Eventually, if you find small seedlings, you can do the transplant keeping the root ball. Always plant in full sun.
Uses: Used as a hedge, forms lush, thorny and impassable clumps. Its leaves, move to the touch, being an interesting acquisition for gardens. Flowering widely visited by bees, delicate and very ornamental.
TAMASHIRO, JY & ESCOBAR, NAGE (COORD.) MIMOSOIDEAE IN: TOZZI, AMGA ET AL FLORA PHANEROGAMIC OF THE STATE OF SÃO PAULO. INSTITUTE OF BOTANICS, SÃO PAULO, VOL. 8, PP: 84-166, 2016.